Sapotaceae

Family of flowering plants

Sapotaceae
Pouteria sapota - marmalade tree - desc-leaf cluster - from-DC1.jpg
Pouteria sapota La Havane.jpg
Foliage and fruit (a berry containing one seed) of Pouteria sapota
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Juss.[1]
Type genus
Manilkara
Adans.[2]
Subfamilies

The Sapotaceae are a family of flowering plants belonging to the order Ericales. The family includes about 800 species of evergreen trees and shrubs in around 65 genera (35-75, depending on generic definition). Their distribution is pantropical.

Many species produce edible fruits, or white blood-sap that is used to cleanse dirt, organically and manually, while others have other economic uses. Species noted for their edible fruits include Manilkara (sapodilla), Chrysophyllum cainito (star-apple or golden leaf tree), and Pouteria (abiu, canistel, lúcuma, mamey sapote). Vitellaria paradoxa (shi in several languages of West Africa and karité in French; also anglicized as shea) is also the source of an oil-rich nut, the source of edible shea butter, which is the major lipid source for many African ethnic groups and is also used in traditional and Western cosmetics and medications. The "miracle fruit" Synsepalum dulcificum is also placed in the Sapotaceae.

Trees of the genus Palaquium (gutta-percha) produce an important latex with a wide variety of uses. The seeds of the tree Argania spinosa produce an edible oil, traditionally harvested in Morocco.

The family name is derived from zapote, a Mexican vernacular name for one of the plants (in turn derived from the Nahuatl tzapotl) and Latinised by Linnaeus as sapota, a name now treated as a synonym of Manilkara (also formerly known by the invalid name Achras).

Genera

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sapotaceae.
  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  2. ^ "Sapotaceae Juss., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
  3. ^ The Plant List
  • v
  • t
  • e
Families of flowering plants (APG IV)
Basal
angio
sperms
Amborellales
Nymphaeales
Austrobaileyales
Magnoliids
Canellales
Laurales
Magnoliales
Piperales
Chlor
anthales
Monocots
Acorales
Alismatales
Arecales
Asparagales
Commelinales
Dioscoreales
Liliales
Pandanales
Petrosaviales
Poales
Zingiberales
Eudicots
Buxales
Proteales
Ranunculales
Trochodendrales
Dilleniales
Gunnerales
Saxifragales
Vitales
Cucurbitales
Fabales
Fagales
Rosales
Zygophyllales
Celastrales
Malpighiales
Oxalidales
Brassicales
Crossosomatales
Geraniales
Huerteales
Malvales
Myrtales
Picramniales
Sapindales
Berberidopsidales
Caryophyllales
Santalales
Cornales
Ericales
Icacinales
Metteniusales
Garryales
Gentianales
Boraginales
Vahliales
Solanales
Lamiales
Apiales
Aquifoliales
Asterales
Bruniales
Dipsacales
Escalloniales
Paracryphiales
Cerato
phyllales
  • Category
Taxon identifiers